The emergence of artificial intelligence is considered to be the worst event in the history of human civilization, unless the community finds ways to control its development.
In a discussion at the Web Summit technology conference in Lisbon, Portugal, theoretical physics expert Stephen Hawking said theoretically computers can mimic and even transcend human intelligence.
On the other hand, Hawking poses the potential of artificial intelligence to help reverse the effects of damage that occur on nature, as well as eradicate poverty and disease, with every aspect of change in society. However, he also acknowledged the uncertainty in the future.
“Success in creating effective artificial intelligence, can be the greatest event in the history of our civilization. Or the worst. We do not know. We can not know whether we will be artificially induced by artificial intelligence, ignored by it or possibly destroyed by it, “Hawking said, as quoted from the CNBC website on Tuesday (7/11/2017).
“If we do not learn how to prepare ourselves and avoid potential risks, artificial intelligence can be the worst event in the history of our civilization,” he said.
Artificial intelligence is said to carry a risk of danger such as a powerful autonomous weapon or a new way for some to oppress many people. Not only that, artificial intelligence can also cause major disruption to the economy.
According to Hawking, in order to avoid such potential artificial intelligence makers need to apply best practices and effective management.
The 75-year-old scientist then highlighted the legislature in Europe, especially the proposal put forward by policymakers earlier this year to establish new rules regarding AI and robotics. A number of members of the European Parliament said there is a need for a regulation in force in the EU on this issue.
These developments gave Hawking hope. “I am optimistic and believe that we can create artificial intelligence for the good of the world. That artificial intelligence can go hand in hand with us. We just need to be aware and identify the risks, apply the best practices and management, and prepare the consequences well in advance, “Hawking said.
This is not the first time Hawking has warned of the dangers of artificial intelligence. The man who is well known for his contribution to the theory of cosmology and quantum gravity voiced concerns about artificial intelligence along with a number of other prominent figures in science and technology.
Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk recently said that artificial intelligence can lead to a third world war. Musk even suggested that humans should combine with machines to remain relevant in the future.
Having a different view, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg on one occasion expressed his optimism about the future of artificial intelligence and his contribution to a better world.