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Besakih Temple: Bali’s Mother Temple and Sacred Pilgrimage Site

Besakih Temple, also known as the Mother Temple of Bali, is one of the most important and sacred temples in Bali. Located on the slopes of Mount Agung, Bali’s highest volcano, the temple complex comprises over 80 separate shrines and temples.

The temple complex is believed to have been built in the 8th century, although the exact date of its construction is not known. The temple’s name, Besakih, means “dragon god” in the Balinese language, and it is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva, who is believed to reside on Mount Agung.

Besakih Temple is made up of three main complexes: the Pura Penataran Agung in the center, the Pura Kiduling Kreteg to the east, and the Pura Batu Madeg to the west. Each complex is dedicated to a different aspect of Hinduism, with Pura Penataran Agung being the most important and largest temple in the complex.

The temple complex’s architecture is stunning, with towering pagodas, intricately carved stone statues, and colorful frescoes adorning the walls of the various temples. Visitors can explore the complex on foot, taking in the sights and sounds of the bustling temple complex and observing the many Hindu ceremonies and rituals that take place throughout the day.

Besakih Temple is also an important pilgrimage site for Hindus from all over the world, who come to pay their respects to the Hindu deities and seek blessings for good health, wealth, and prosperity. Visitors can witness the many ceremonies and rituals that take place at the temple, including offerings of flowers, fruit, and other symbolic items.

One of the most unique features of Besakih Temple is the stunning view of Mount Agung from the temple complex. The towering volcano is visible from many vantage points within the temple complex, offering a breathtaking backdrop to the intricate temple architecture.

In conclusion, Besakih Temple is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Bali. Its stunning architecture, rich cultural significance, and breathtaking views of Mount Agung make it one of Bali’s most iconic landmarks. Whether you’re a photographer seeking to capture the temple’s beauty, or a traveler seeking to experience Bali’s unique Hindu culture and traditions, Besakih Temple is a destination not to be missed.

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